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Mouthpart Morphology and Feeding Behavior of Biting Midge Larvae (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
Editor(s): Carl W. Schaefer; Richard A. B. Leschen
Author(s): Lawrence J. Hribar
Print Publication Date: 1993
Abstract

The relationship of feeding behavior of biting midge larvae to morphology of mouthparts is discussed. Herbivorous larvae have toothed, scooplike mandibles; short, flat maxillary palpi; short, broad labra; heavily sclerotized pharyngeal sclerites; and crenulate hypostomata. Predatory larvae possess thin mandibles with fossae; long, cylindrical maxillary palpi; projecting, thin labra; less heavily sclerotized pharyngeal sclerites; and smooth hypostomata. Generalist larvae possess mouthparts of an intermediate type.

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