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1 May 2003 Liming of River Audna, Southern Norway: A Large-scale Experiment of Benthic Invertebrate Recovery
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Abstract
This study describes the recovery of sensitive invertebrates after liming of the anadromous part of River Audna in 1985. The river lost its salmon population during 1960–1970. The aim of the liming was to produce a water quality with pH > 6.0 and ANC > 20 µg L−1 and to reduce the content of labile aluminum. Highly sensitive invertebrates like the mayfly Baetis rhodani were not found in the river before liming. Two years after liming, several sensitive invertebrate species showed a positive response. B. rhodani was then recorded at 2 sites in the lower part of the river. In the following 5 years several species of sensitive invertebrates recolonized the whole limed reach of the river and became numerous. Ten years after liming the snail Lymnaea peregra was recorded in the river. The dispersal of this species was also very fast and after 5 years it was found at all investigated sites in the limed main river covering a reach of 40 km. Reduced sulfur deposition in the area also resulted in water-quality improvements in the unlimed stretches of River Audna. Comparisons between limed and unlimed localities indicated that the water quality and the critical limits of sensitive species are the main factors determining the fauna composition in River Audna independent of the reason for the change in water quality.
Gunnar G. Raddum and Arne Fjellheim "Liming of River Audna, Southern Norway: A Large-scale Experiment of Benthic Invertebrate Recovery," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 32(3), (1 May 2003). https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-32.3.230
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