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1 June 2003 Azerbaijan: Environmental Conditions and Outlook
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Abstract
The author describes present environmental conditions in Azerbaijan in relation to the Soviet legacy and measures taken since independence. Environmental projects have been financed largely by international organizations and foreign companies. The most serious problems are contaminants in the Caspian Sea; air, water, and soil pollution in Sumgait; illegal fishing; poor quality of drinking water; cutting of forests for fuel and pasture; overgrazing; and soil erosion and salinization. Progress in developing an environmental conscience, necessary for sustained protection of the environment, will depend most importantly on environmental education, growth of democratic institutions and attitudes that encourage both governmental and citizen responsibility for the environment, and economic development that produces a substantial middle class. Positive advances include a Constitution and laws that require protection of the environment, and individuals who speak out for environmental care. Negative factors include poverty and the present government's low priority for environmental protection.
and Napier Shelton "Azerbaijan: Environmental Conditions and Outlook," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 32(4), (1 June 2003). https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447(2003)032[0302:AECAO]2.0.CO;2
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