Vegetation cover-change analysis requires selection of an appropriate set of variables for measuring and characterizing change. Satellite sensors like landsat tm offer the advantages of wide spatial coverage while providing land-cover information. This facilitates the monitoring of surface processes. This study discusses change detection in mountainous dry-heath communities in jämtland county, sweden, using satellite data. Landsat-5 tm and landsat-7 etm data from 1984, 1994 and 2000, respectively, were used. Different change detection methods were compared after the images had been radiometrically normalized, georeferenced and corrected for topographic effects. For detection of the classes change – no change the ndvi image differencing method was the most accurate with an overall accuracy of 94% (k = 0.87). Additional change information was extracted from an alternative method called ndvi regression analysis and vegetation change in 3 categories within mountainous dry-heath communities were detected. By applying a fuzzy set thresholding technique the overall accuracy was improved from of 65% (k = 0.45) to 74% (k = 0.59). The methods used generate a change product showing the location of changed areas in sensitive mountainous heath communities, and it also indicates the extent of the change (high, moderate and unchanged vegetation cover decrease). A total of 17% of the dry and extremely dry-heath vegetation within the study area has changed between 1984 and 2000. On average 4% of the studied heath communities have been classified as high change, i.e. have experienced “high vegetation cover decrease” during the period. The results show that the low alpine zone of the southern part of the study area shows the highest amount of “high vegetation cover decrease". The results also show that the main change occurred between 1994 and 2000.