The participation of fishermen in fisheries management is discussed with varying ideas under the notions of “comanagement”, “participatory management” or “local management”. Empirical studies within Swedish fishery have thrown new light on the preconditions for fishermen's participation in fisheries management. Among the important factors influencing failure or success are the two which we discuss here: the question of articulation, organization and representation of interests of fishermen and the question of trust between the groups that are usually cooperating in resource management, fishermen, governmental administrators and researchers. The research summarized has addressed the interests of fishermen with regard to resource management, local fisheries management, and participation of fishermen. The overarching question connecting the three themes is: How can the interests of fishermen be represented better within fisheries management? Interests and trust, “soft facts”, can be as important for the success or failure of fisheries management and participation as can “hard facts” such as ownership rights, quantity and quality of resources or monetary value of resources.
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Vol. 34 • No. 2