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1 November 2005 Estimating Reduction of Nitrogen Leaching from Arable Land and the Related Costs
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Abstract
The EU Water Framework Directive will require river-basin management plans in order to achieve good ecological status and find the most cost-efficient nitrogen (N) leaching abatement measures. Detailed scenario calculations based on modeling methods will be valuable in this regard. This paper describes the approach and an application with a coefficient method based on the simulation model SOILNDB for quantification of N leaching from arable land and for prediction of the effect of abatement scenarios for the Rönneå catchment (1900 km2) in southern Sweden. Cost calculations for the different measures were also performed. The results indicate that the individual measures—cover crop and spring plowing, late termination of ley and fallow, and spring application of manure—would only reduce N leaching by between 5% and 8%. If all measures were combined and winter crops replaced by their corresponding spring variants, a 21% reduction in N leaching would be possible. However, this would require total fulfillment of the suggested measures.
Martin H. Larsson, Katarina Kyllmar, Lars Jonasson and Holger Johnsson "Estimating Reduction of Nitrogen Leaching from Arable Land and the Related Costs," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 34(7), (1 November 2005). https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-34.7.538
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