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1 March 2011 Governance of Complex Socio-Environmental Risks: The Case of Hazardous Chemicals in the Baltic Sea
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Abstract
Complex socio-environmental risks challenge society. In response to scientific uncertainty and sociopolitical controversies, environmental governance, precaution, and the ecosystem approach to management are held forward as complements to governmental risk-based sector-restricted regulation. We analyze this development for hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea. Based on interviews and policy analysis, we study informal governance and, in particular, four central EU and international policies, and investigate how present governance relates to risks and objectives at hand. While showing emergence of broader governance approaches, we conclude that central objectives will not likely be met. Furthermore, we question the quest for broad environmental governance and emphasize the value of command and control regulation, if it implements precaution. These findings contribute to the theorizing on environmental (risk) governance. Finally, we provide some ideas that could help development and implementation of risk policies for hazardous chemicals in the Baltic Sea as well as other complex risks.
© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2011
Mikael Karlsson, Michael Gilek and Oksana Udovyk "Governance of Complex Socio-Environmental Risks: The Case of Hazardous Chemicals in the Baltic Sea," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 40(2), (1 March 2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0126-0
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