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1 June 2012 Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose-Degrading and Xylanolytic Bacteria from the Short-Nosed Fruit Bat Cynopterus sphinx
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Abstract

Cynopterus sphinx is a frugivorous bat also known to feed regularly on leaves. This raises the question whether microorganisms capable of digesting such a diet are present in the gut. In the present study cellulolytic and xylanolytic bacteria were isolated from the intestine of C. sphinx on Berg's agar medium containing carboxymethyl cellulose and xylan. The isolated cultivable cellulose and xylan degrading bacteria were characterized biochemically and identified to be Bacillus sp., Clostridium sp., Streptococcus sp., and Staphylococcus sp. Among the cultivable bacteria from the intestine of the insectivorous Hipposideros fulvus, which was used as a control, no cellulolytic and xylanolytic bacteria could be isolated. We hypothesize that leaves could be a carbohydrate source for bats. By isolating polysaccharide-degrading bacteria from the intestine of C. sphinx, we infer that they help in digestion of xylan and soluble cellulose in their diet.

© Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS
A. Alwin Prem Anand, Balaji Chattopadhyay, and Sripathi Kandula "Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose-Degrading and Xylanolytic Bacteria from the Short-Nosed Fruit Bat Cynopterus sphinx," Acta Chiropterologica 14(1), 233-239, (1 June 2012). https://doi.org/10.3161/150811012X654439
Received: 14 January 2011; Accepted: 1 June 2012; Published: 1 June 2012
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