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1 April 2007 A reanalysis of apparent survival rates of Indiana myotis (Myotis sodalis)
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The estimation of demographic rates is important for conservation and management of species. However, with the exception of an estimate for adult survival by Humphrey and Cope in 1977, there are no estimates of any demographic rates for the endangered Indiana myotis (Myotis sodalis). Their estimate is based on techniques that have been replaced by newer, more flexible, and less biased techniques. Therefore, we reanalyzed a subset of the data first analyzed by Humphrey and Cope using a Cormack-Jolly-Seber model. Two models [φ(year)p(year) and φ(year)p(sex*year)] are equally parsimonious, so we used model averaging to estimate apparent survival. We used this estimate to calculate the average cumulative survival each year after banding for four un-aged cohorts. Our estimate suggests that apparent survival is considerably higher than estimated by Humphrey and Cope the first year after banding and lower the second year after banding. Subsequent to the first two years after banding, our estimates are similar, but slightly lower than those reported by Humphrey and Cope. These results, while useful, cannot be taken as true survival rates for Indiana myotis because of limitations in the data and we suggest this estimate be used appropriately when making management decisions. We discuss limitations in this type of data and make suggestions for experimental design of future studies to collect data more appropriate for estimation of demographic rates in bats.

Justin G. Boyles, Brianne L. Walters, John O. Whitaker, and James B. Cope "A reanalysis of apparent survival rates of Indiana myotis (Myotis sodalis)," Acta Chiropterologica 9(1), 127-132, (1 April 2007).[127:AROASR]2.0.CO;2
Received: 9 November 2006; Accepted: 1 February 2007; Published: 1 April 2007

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