Translator Disclaimer
1 July 2003 Re-Use of Old Nests Versus the Construction of New Ones in the Magpie Pica pica in the City of Sofia (Bulgaria)
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Nest re-use in a high density population of Magpies Pica pica in the city of Sofia and its vicinity was studied during 1999–2000. The rate of nest re-use was significantly higher within the urban area (17%) as compared to the immediate rural surroundings within the distance of 1 km (7%). Re-used nests were on average higher above the ground than newly-built nests. The nest reuse rate was not related to breeding density, abundance or the mean height of available trees. Magpies re-using their old nests laid eggs significantly earlier compared to those building new nests. However, nest re-use did not confer other benefits on the reproductive output since clutch-size, hatching and fledging success did not differ significantly between the two nesting strategies.

REFERENCES

1.

A. Antonov , D. Atanasova 2002. Nest-site selection in the Magpie Pica pica in a high-density urban population of Sofia (Bulgaria). Acta Ornithol. 37: 55–66. Google Scholar

2.

A. Antonov, D. Atanasova (in press). Small scale differences in the breeding ecology of urban and rural Magpies Pica pica. Ornis Fenn. Google Scholar

3.

T. R. Birkhead 1991. The Magpies. Poyser, London. Google Scholar

4.

S. Cramp 1972. The breeding of urban Woodpigeons. Ibis 114: 163–171. Google Scholar

5.

S. Cramp, C. M. Perrins 1994. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. VIII. Oxford Univ. Press., Oxford. Google Scholar

6.

F. deLope , A. P. Møller 1993. Effects of ectoparasites on reproduction of their swallow hosts: A cost of being multibrooded. Oikos 67: 557–562. Google Scholar

7.

S. Eden 1985. The comparative breeding biology of magpies Pica pica in an urban and a rural habitat (Aves: Corvidae). J. Zool. Lond. 205: 325–334. Google Scholar

8.

J. C. Gering, R. B. Blair 1999. Predation on artificial bird nests along an urban gradient: predatory risk or relaxation in urban environments? Ecography 22: 532–541. Google Scholar

9.

D. Goodwin 1976. Crows of the world. London: Brit. Museum (Nat. Hist.). Google Scholar

10.

L. Jerzak 1995. Breeding ecology of an urban Magpie Pica pica population in Zielona Góra (SW Poland). Acta Ornithol. 29: 123–133. Google Scholar

11.

Z. Kosiński 2001. Effects of urbanization on nest site selection and nesting success of the Greenfinch Carduelis chloris in Krotoszyn, Poland. Ornis Fenn. 78: 175–183. Google Scholar

12.

A. P. Møller 1987. Advantages and disadvantages of coloniality in the swallow, Hirundo rustica. Anim. Behav. 35: 819–832. Google Scholar

13.

C. M. Perrins 1970. The timing of birds' breeding seasons. Ibis 112: 242–255. Google Scholar

14.

M. T. Stanback , A. A. Dervan 2001. Within-season nest-site fidelity in Eastern Bluebirds: Disentangling effects of nest success and parasite avoidance. Auk 118: 743–745. Google Scholar

15.

P. Tatner 1982a. The breeding biology of magpies Pica pica in an urban environment. J. Zool. Lond. 197: 559–581. Google Scholar

16.

P. Tatner 1982b. Factors influencing the distribution of Magpies Pica pica in an urban environment. Bird Study 29: 227–234. Google Scholar
Anton Antonov and Dimitrinka Atanasova "Re-Use of Old Nests Versus the Construction of New Ones in the Magpie Pica pica in the City of Sofia (Bulgaria)," Acta Ornithologica 38(1), 1-4, (1 July 2003). https://doi.org/10.3161/068.038.0104
Received: 1 March 2003; Accepted: 1 May 2003; Published: 1 July 2003
JOURNAL ARTICLE
4 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
Back to Top