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1 September 2017 Comparison of a South African and Canadian Isolate of the Nucleopolyhedrosis Virus Infecting the Insect Trichoplusia ni
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Abstract

The nucleotide and amino acid sequence of the ecdysteroid UDP-glucosyltransferase (egt), polyhedrin (pol), inhibitor of apoptosis (iap2 and iap3), late expression factor (lef) 9 and vp1054 genes of a South African isolate of Trichoplusia ni single nucleopolyhedrovirus (TnSNPV) was compared to a Canadian isolate of TnSNPV. Nucleotide and amino acid sequence identity for the compared genes ranged from 89%to 98%and 95%to 99%, respectively. The deduced amino acid sequences of the TnSNPV egt, pol, iap3, lef-9 and vp1054 genes were used to infer phylogenetic trees and these were compared to the tree inferred from combined data sets consisting of the amino acid sequences of polyhedrin/granulin, lef-8 and lef-9 genes of 48 completely sequenced baculoviruses. The topologies of trees for the baculovirus core genes pol, lef-9 and vp1054 were better resolved than that of the auxiliary genes iap2, iap3 and egt when compared to the tree inferred from complete genome sequences. Sequence and phylogenetic analysis confirms that the two geographically disparate isolates are closely related. The tree inferred from the combined data set represents a quick and reliable method of identification particularly, when whole genome data are not available.

©Entomological Society of Southern Africa
M. Tobin, R. Abrahams-Fredericks, W. Khan, and S. Khan "Comparison of a South African and Canadian Isolate of the Nucleopolyhedrosis Virus Infecting the Insect Trichoplusia ni," African Entomology 25(2), 341-360, (1 September 2017). https://doi.org/10.4001/003.025.0341
Accepted: 1 January 2017; Published: 1 September 2017
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