The susceptibility of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana L. (Blattodea: Blattidae), against malathion was tested in the laboratory. The levels of insecticide detoxifying enzymes among different populations of P. americana were also compared. Standard methods were used for the estimation of non-specific esterases, glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and monooxygenases. All populations showed resistance against malathion and significantly higher activities of insecticide detoxifying enzymes were recorded as compared to the susceptible population (control). This higher enzymatic activity and elevated levels of GSTs and monooxygenases is the possible reason for malathion resistance in P. americana. However, non-specific esterases and monooxygenases might be involved in the development of resistance in other populations at the same localities. The development of the resistance mechanism was noticed in all tested populations of P. americana and it is an indication to replace malathion insecticides against American cockroaches in the investigated regions especially, and also a warning for other regions in the world.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 25 • No. 2