The breeding of frogs in four ponds near Harare, Zimbabwe, was investigated during a wet rainy season (2000/01) and a dry one (2001/02). During 2000/01 eight and nine species bred in two ponds in abandoned gravel pits that never contained fish, but only four species bred in these in 2001/02 and the relative abundance was reduced by about 50%. Pond 3 was a small dam that filled after the rains and was invaded by fish once it overflowed. Five species bred in it in 2000/01, but breeding activity was curtailed once it was invaded by catfish, Clarias gariepinus, some of which were found with frog remains in their stomachs. The pond did not overflow in the following season, and was therefore not invaded by fish; although only four species bred in it their relative abundance was considerably higher. Pond 4 was a permanent pond that always contained fish. Only three species bred in it and the relative abundance of tadpoles was always low. Species belonging to the Ranidae seemed to be most severely affected by drought and this may explain the absence of some species, such as the African bullfrog, Pyxicephalus adspersus, that was once abundant around Harare.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.