Horn sharks (Elasmobranchii: Heterodontus Blainville) correspond to a genus of chondrichthyan fishes, mostly distributed in warmtemperate to tropical regions of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The fossil record shows that, in contrast to its current distribution, horn sharks were widely distributed both in the eastern Pacific and western Atlantic during the Neogene, being subsequently extirpated from some of these areas. In this contribution, we describe new Heterodontus teeth from three Pliocene localities in the Coquimbo Region, in north-central Chile, and make an extensive revision of the fossil record of the genus in the Americas, in order to specify the timing of their extirpation in the southeastern Pacific and discuss the possible causes of this event. The new specimens described herein belong to a species with a Heterodontusfrancisci type dentition. Our analysis suggest that the removal of horn sharks occurred in the context of a general faunal turnover in the transition from Pliocene to Pleistocene, and that it was probably controlled by an interplay between the oceanographic, tectono-eustatic and ecological changes occurred in the region at that time.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 55 • No. 6