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1 June 2012 Epibionts on Aequipecten tehuelchus (d'Orbigny, 1846) (Pectinidae) in Shelf Waters off Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Abstract
Aequipecten tehuelchus (d'Orbigny, 1846) is a commercial resource, distributed from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) to Golfo Nuevo (Argentina), on sandy and muddy bottoms. In Argentina, the major banks of exploitation are located in the gulfs of San José and San Matías. This study represents the first ecological study of A. tehuelchus in shelf waters off Buenos Aires, Argentina. Eighteen epibiont taxa were registered on the individuals analyzed. Polychaetes were the most frequent epibiotic organisms (82%), including Serpulidae (Rafinesque, 1815), Phyllochaetopterus socialis (Claparède, 1869), Idanthyrsus armatus (Kingberg, 1807) and Chaetopterus antarcticus (Kingberg, 1866). Ostrea puelcheana (d'Orbigny, 1842), Balanus cf. amphitrite (Darwin, 1854) and solitary ascidians were found on less than 30% of the sampled individuals. Bryozoa and Porifera were scarcely represented. Phyllochaetopterus socialis, I. armatus and Balanus cf. amphitrite were most frequent on the upper (left) valve. This study nearly doubles the number of epibionts identified and mentioned on A. tehuelchus in Patagonian Gulfs. Three individuals of the commensal pea crab Tumidotheres maculatus (Say, 1818) were found inside three different specimens of A. tehuelchus. One left scallop valve was burrowed into by the parasitic polychaete Polydora (Bosc, 1802).
Valeria S. Souto, Laura Schejter and Claudia C. Bremec "Epibionts on Aequipecten tehuelchus (d'Orbigny, 1846) (Pectinidae) in Shelf Waters off Buenos Aires, Argentina," American Malacological Bulletin 30(2), (1 June 2012). https://doi.org/10.4003/006.030.0205
Received: 5 October 2011; Accepted: 1 February 2012; Published: 1 June 2012
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