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1 April 2015 Changes in Distributions of Selected Vascular Plants in a Baltic Archipelago
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to find indications of climate change by studying changes in frequency and distribution patterns of 18 plant species occurring predominantly on islands. I compared climate-related predictors of islands with species extinctions to islands with colonizations. The study was conducted on 436 islands in the archipelago of SW Finland in the northern Baltic Sea. The data were collected between 1996 and 2012 and, the historical data mainly in the 1930s. I measured predictors, including area, exposure and topographical diversity, in a GIS and used binominal logistic regression to determine which predictors exert an influence on the probability of species occurrence. The number of observations of the selected plants increased by 8.4%, but not by as much as all plant species occurring on the studied islands (10.6%). Species with a generally northern distribution in Finland increased more than thermophilic species. An unambiguous effect of climate warming on the selected plants is not evident. One of the proposed reasons for this is the small-scale topography and the mosaic of different microclimates on the islands that buffer the effect of a large-scale climate warming.

© Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board 2015
Mikael von Numers "Changes in Distributions of Selected Vascular Plants in a Baltic Archipelago," Annales Botanici Fennici 52(1–2), (1 April 2015). https://doi.org/10.5735/085.052.0212
Received: 3 March 2014; Accepted: 25 August 2014; Published: 1 April 2015
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