Translator Disclaimer
27 July 2016 Three New, Seemingly-Cryptic Species in the Lichen Genus Caloplaca (Teloschistaceae) Distinguished in Two-Phase Phenotype Evaluation
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

We describe three new, seemingly-cryptic species in the lichen genus Caloplaca (Teloschistaceae) with black apothecia. Those species, separated in nrITS and β-tubulin DNA phylogenies, appeared to be phenotypically indistinguishable. We looked for their phenotypic differences using a two-phase method comprised of a preliminary examination in which diagnostic value of all available characters was evaluated using a small number of samples and potentially-diagnostic characters were selected, and a subsequent detailed study in which characters selected in the first phase were tested using more samples. We found 19 diagnostic characters (continuous and discrete) of which four continuous and three discrete characters could be considered “fully diagnostic”, i.e. allowing for correct identification of at least one species. Hence, the three species are not cryptic, but can be distinguished phenotypically. Here, they are formally described as Caloplaca micromarina Frolov, Khodos. & Vondrák sp. nova, C. micromontana Frolov, Wilk & Vondrák sp. nova and C. microstepposa Frolov, Nadyeina, Khodos. & Vondrák sp. nova.

© Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board 2016
Ivan Frolov, Jan Vondrák, Fernando Fernández-Mendoza, Karina Wilk, Alexander Khodosovtsev, and Mehmet Gökhan Halıcı "Three New, Seemingly-Cryptic Species in the Lichen Genus Caloplaca (Teloschistaceae) Distinguished in Two-Phase Phenotype Evaluation," Annales Botanici Fennici 53(3–4), 243-262, (27 July 2016). https://doi.org/10.5735/085.053.0413
Received: 3 September 2015; Accepted: 19 April 2016; Published: 27 July 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
20 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top