Rehabilitation of river beds is sometimes necessary, particularly when a substantial amount of bottom sediment causes unnaturally slow water flow. However, it is difficult to predict whether such procedures will negatively affect biodiversity and species composition of organisms inhabiting these sites. The effects of such procedures were analysed in the Krąpiel river in northwestern Poland. It was postulated that dredging would not reduce Heteroptera diversity, but would alter the habitat significantly and create lotic habitats for rheophilous species. It was also postulated that conditions would become less favourable for taxa preferring a bottom with accumulated mud and abundant vegetation. According to our results, dredging did not significantly affect species diversity of Heteroptera, but did cause an increase in abundances of several species. Dredging increased the number of available habitats, which were mainly inhabited by abundant pioneer species. Aquarius najas, Aphelocheirus aestivalis, Plea minutissima, Sigara falleni, Notonecta glauca, Iliocoris cimicoides and Gerridae were most successful in recolonizing the sites after dredging. CCA showed that detritus and the effects of dredging were crucial to the distribution patterns of heteropteran species in this river.
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