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1 March 2008 Taxonomy and Natural History of a Species Rich Assemblage of Jumping Spiders (Araneae: Salticidae); A Long — Term Study of a Suburban Site in Zimbabwe
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Abstract

The results of a nine year inventory of jumping spiders in a suburban study-site, a one-hectare garden in Harare, Zimbabwe, are presented. The full list of garden salticids comprises 47 species, among them 12 are described as new: Dendryphantes arboretus, D. hararensis, Evarcha ignea, E. zimbabwensis, Langelurillus ignorabilis, L. orbicularis, Phlegra procera, Pseudicius elegans, P. refulgens, Rhene cancer, Thyenula hortensis and Tularosa arcana. For two species, Evarcha prosimilis (Wesołowska et Russell-Smith, 2000) and Xuriella prima Wesołowska et Russell-Smith, 2000, the previously unknown females are described. Nomen novum, Evarcha prosimilis is proposed for Evarcha similis, Wesołowska et Russell-Smith, 2000, preoccupied by E. similis Caporiacco, 1941. Four specific names are synonymised: Quekettia georgii Peckham et Peckham, 1903 with Hispo inermis (Caporiacco, 1947), Heliophanus clarus Peckham et Peckham, 1903 with Phintella aequipes (Peckham et Peckham, 1903), Thyene magdalenae Lessert, 1927 with Thyene australis Peckham et Peckham, 1903 and Viciria morigera Peckham et Peckham, 1903 with Viciria mustela Simon, 1902. The last species was transferred to the genus Evarcha, new combination E. mustela is proposed. New combination Mexcala natalensis is proposed (ex Cosmophasis natalensis Lawrence, 1942). The generic name Quekettia Peckham et Peckham, 1903 is recognized as a junior synonym of Hispo Simon, 1886 by synonymisation of the only species of Quekettia. Eight species are recorded from Zimbabwe for the first time: Bianor albobimaculatus, Heliophanus pygmaeus, Hispo inermis, Icius insolidus, Mexcala natalensis, Sonoita lightfooti, Thyene thyenoides and Xuriella prima. The natural history (micro-habitat, behaviour and phenology) of each species is presented where available.

Wanda Wesołowska and Meg S. Cumming "Taxonomy and Natural History of a Species Rich Assemblage of Jumping Spiders (Araneae: Salticidae); A Long — Term Study of a Suburban Site in Zimbabwe," Annales Zoologici 58(1), 167-230, (1 March 2008). https://doi.org/10.3161/067.058.0108
Received: 15 November 2007; Accepted: 1 February 2008; Published: 1 March 2008
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