Podisma sapporensis Shiraki, 1910 (Orthoptera: Acrididae) is distributed on the islands of northern Japan and Far East Russia (Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and Kunashiri), and it exhibits a unique diversity of chromosomal races (X0 and neo-XY) on the island of Hokkaido. To infer the history of geographical isolation and chromosome rearrangements (main races and subraces), we used mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variation in two regions, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2) and cytochrome oxidase subunit II (COII), among 55 individuals representing eight X0/XX and three neo-XY/XX populations. The molecular phylogenetic tree revealed a high level of overall mitochondrial diversity, but the clustering of the examined population is in most cases closely related to their geographic distribution and associated with chromosomal races and subraces. Together with cytogenetic observations, we discuss the origin of the polymorphism within the X0 and XY races as well as differences between both northern and eastern races.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.