Bubbling behavior or regurgitation is defined as the production of a droplet on the tip of the proboscis. No behavioral differences were observed in the components of the bubbling behavior between the two sexes of adult Phormia regina Meigen (Diptera: Calliphoridae). One of the most interesting behaviors, from a functional standpoint, is the proboscis shaking and proboscis pumping that is always associated with droplet extrusion. Droplets were usually reingested and not dropped on the substrate as reported in some fly species. On a sucrose meal, the average total time the fly spent on bubbling, regardless of sex, was 9.4 min, whereas the average time the droplet was present on the proboscis was 7 min. The number of droplets produced per fly for both sexes was 19.8 for sucrose and 24.6 for liver. The average time to initiate droplet extrusion after a meal by both sexes was 69 min for sucrose and 102 min for the liver meal. Bubbling flies had a statistically significant greater crop volume (7.9 μl on liver and 6.2 μl on sucrose) than nonbubbling flies (4.1 μl on liver and 2.3 μl on sucrose). The latter results place the important functional significance of bubbling or regurgitation on crop volume and the need of flies to eliminate crop water load, thus concentrating crop solute.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 101 • No. 5