In July and August 2005, we investigated the use of two distinct microhabitats by harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones) in crappo-cocorite seasonal forest, lower montane rain forest, and upper montane rain forest of the Northern Range of Trinidad, West Indies. In addition to new locality records, geographic distributions, and microhabitat use, this article provides a preliminary understanding of the species diversity, compositional similarity, and relative harvestmen abundance among forest stands located within three types of rain forest of different altitudes found in Trinidad. We collected harvestmen inhabiting the space within and underneath decaying logs as well as the leaf litter associated with the logs. In upper montane rain forest, in addition to logs, we sampled the sheaths of palm (Euterpe broadwayi Becc. ex Broadway) fronds, another shelter commonly used by harvestmen that was especially abundant at the higher elevations. We collected 173 individuals representing eight families and 14 species. The number of harvestmen per shelter varied from 3.2 individuals per log in crappo-cocorite forest to 0.8 individual per log or palm frond sheath in upper montane rain forest. In the crappo-cocorite seasonal forest, cosmetids, sclerosomatids and stygnids were most abundant. In upper montane rain forest, cranaids and manaosbiids were the most abundant taxa, whereas cosmetids and sclerosomatids were relatively rare. Crappo-cocorite and lower montane forests were very similar in species composition but differed greatly from upper montane forest. The cosmetids Paecilaema inglei Goodnight and Goodnight 1947, Cynortula granulata Roewer 1912, and the stygnid Stygnoplus clavotibialis (Goodnight and Goodnight 1947) were found to be strongly correlated with the crappo-cocorite and lower montane forests, whereas in upper montane forests Santinezia serratotibialis Roewer 1932 and Cranellus montgomeryi Goodnight and Goodnight 1947 were closely correlated.
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