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1 May 2001 External Morphology of Tagosodes orizicolus (Homoptera: Delphacidae) Revealed by Scanning Electron Microscopy
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Abstract

A comprehensive analysis of the ultrastructure of the delphacid rice pest Tagosodes orizicolus (Muir) was undertaken using scanning electron microscopy to resolve taxonomic problems in the distinction of females and nymphs from other specimens commonly found in rice fields of tropical America. This research includes a detailed description of female genitalia and the ultrastructural variations observed during nymphal development. Ultrastructure of the mouthparts, specifically the stylets; and the genitalia of the male are also described. Important ultrastructural details were revealed, such as the presence of microtrichia and sensillae, which are not clear when observed by light microscopy. The adults have numerous sensillae; immatures have bell-shaped chemoreceptors along the dorsal area, structures that are absent in the adult stage. Strong differences were observed between the first instar and older nymphs, such as stamen-like setae, wider frons, convex clypeus observed in the first and second instars; whereas conical eyes and an oar-shaped legs were observed only in the first instar.

R. Mora, A. Retana, and A. M. Espinoza "External Morphology of Tagosodes orizicolus (Homoptera: Delphacidae) Revealed by Scanning Electron Microscopy," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94(3), 438-448, (1 May 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2001)094[0438:EMOTOH]2.0.CO;2
Received: 14 January 2000; Accepted: 1 December 2000; Published: 1 May 2001
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