Little is known about the thickness of active Alpine rock glaciers, yet they are important components of the local hydrology. We use GPR data to determine the depth of the bedrock of Äußeres Hochebenkar rock glacier (Austria). There is no detailed information available regarding density and composition of the rock glacier, and assumptions about the signal propagation velocity have to be made when processing the GPR data. We use a simple creep model based on surface displacement and slope to calculate the thickness of the rock glacier along a flow line. We calculated bedrock profiles along the flow line for three different time periods, using input from multitemporal digital elevation models. We improved the fit of the profiles by calibrating the values used for layer densities and considered the model valid where the modelled bedrock profiles are within error of each other. We then compared the modeled values with the GPR data to check whether our assumptions for the propagation velocity produced results that match the model. While the fit is good at the lower end of the rock glacier, the GPR data appear to overestimate depth in the upper region. We adjusted the propagation velocity accordingly and find maximum thicknesses of over 50 m and a mean thickness of 30–40 m. The insights gained from the modeling approach thereby improved the fine-tuning of the GPR analysis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.