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1 September 2003 Avian Influenza in Italy 1997–2001
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Abstract

From 1997 to 2001, Italy has been affected by two epidemics of high-pathogenicity avian influenza. The first epidemic was caused by a virus of the H5N2 subtype and was limited to eight premises in backyard and semi-intensive flocks. The prompt identification of the disease was followed by the implementation of European Union (EU) directive 92/40/EEC and resulted in the eradication of infection without serious consequences to the poultry industry. The 1999–00 epidemic was caused by a virus of the H7N1 subtype that originated from the mutation of a low pathogenic virus and resulted instead in a devastating epidemic that affected industrially reared poultry, culminating in the infection of 413 flocks. The description of the epidemics and the result of the control policies are reported.

I. Capua, S. Marangon, M. dalla Pozza, C. Terregino, and G. Cattoli "Avian Influenza in Italy 1997–2001," Avian Diseases 47(s3), 839-843, (1 September 2003). https://doi.org/10.1637/0005-2086-47.s3.839
Received: 14 April 2002; Published: 1 September 2003
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