A latex agglutination test (LAT) was developed for rapid detection of antibodies to H5 avian influenza viruses (AIVs). The hemagglutinin protein of H5 AIV was covalently linked to carboxylated latex by ethyl-dimethyl-amino-propyl carbodiimide to prepare the sensitized latex beads. The LAT was evaluated with the hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay as the reference test. The H5-LAT showed a sensitivity of 87.0% and specificity of 88.9% in detecting 126 serum samples from experimentally infected chickens and a sensitivity of 82.5% and specificity of 86% in detecting 587 field chicken serum samples from mostly vaccinated chickens. The agreement ratio between H5-LAT and HI was found to be 87.3% and 83.1% for the two groups of samples, respectively. Difficulty with background agglutination in stored chicken sera was overcome by serum pretreatment with either dried chicken liver powder or dilution buffer containing detergent Tween-20. The H5-LAT has advantages over a previously reported whole-virus LAT in terms of biosafety in preparation, chemical stability, and higher specificity. It is a rapid and simple test suitable for field monitoring of antibodies to H5-type AIV.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 50 • No. 2