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1 December 2009 Presence of Avian Bornavirus RNA and Anti-Avian Bornavirus Antibodies in Apparently Healthy Macaws
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Abstract
Recently a novel avian bornavirus has been described that has been suggested to be the possible etiological agent for proventricular dilatation disease or macaw wasting disease. This article describes two macaws that shed avian bornaviral RNA sequences and demonstrated anti-avian bornavirus antibodies as revealed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot, yet are free of outward clinical signs of the disease.
Siwo R. De Kloet and Gerry M. Dorrestein "Presence of Avian Bornavirus RNA and Anti-Avian Bornavirus Antibodies in Apparently Healthy Macaws," Avian Diseases 53(4), (1 December 2009). https://doi.org/10.1637/8828-040209-Reg.1
Received: 20 April 2009; Accepted: 1 August 2009; Published: 1 December 2009
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