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1 December 2009 Molecular Typing of Japanese Field Isolates and Live Commercial Vaccine Strain of Mycoplasma synoviae Using Improved Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and vlhA Gene Sequencing
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Abstract
In the present study, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and vlhA gene sequence analysis were applied and verified for typing the Mycoplasma synoviae live vaccine MS-H strain and field isolates from diseased chickens in Japan. The previously published PFGE protocol using SmaI digestion could not allow the discrimination of two of the 11 M. synoviae field isolates from the vaccine strain and had relatively low discrimination power (D  =  0.885). On the other hand, our new PFGE protocols using BlnI and BamHI digestions as well as the vlhA sequence analysis allowed the discrimination of all 11 M. synoviae field isolates from the vaccine strain. In addition, these PFGE protocols using BlnI and BamHI digestions generated unique fragment patterns in epidemiologically unrelated isolates, including those with identical SmaI-digested patterns or vlhA gene sequences (D  =  0.987 and 1.000, respectively), and generated indistinguishable or closely related patterns in epidemiologically related isolates. Therefore, we believe that they would be useful tools to determine whether M. synoviae clinical isolates from diseased chickens are derived from the vaccine strain or wild-type strain and to further elucidate the epidemiology of M. synoviae infection.
Kazuki Harada, Mayumi Kijima-Tanaka, Mariko Uchiyama, Tomoko Yamamoto, Koji Oishi, Megumi Arao and Toshio Takahashi "Molecular Typing of Japanese Field Isolates and Live Commercial Vaccine Strain of Mycoplasma synoviae Using Improved Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis and vlhA Gene Sequencing," Avian Diseases 53(4), (1 December 2009). https://doi.org/10.1637/8934-052309-Reg.1
Received: 27 May 2009; Accepted: 1 July 2009; Published: 1 December 2009
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