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1 September 2010 Detection of Avian Nephritis Virus in Australian Chicken Flocks
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Avian nephritis virus (ANV) is thought to infect poultry flocks worldwide, but no confirmed case has been reported in Australia. The first such case is described in this study. Cases of young chickens with clinical signs of dehydration and diarrhea were submitted to our laboratory and histopathology detected interstitial nephritis. Vaccine strains of infectious bronchitis virus were detected in some of these cases but were not considered to be the causative agent. A total of seven fresh submissions from broiler chicken flocks were collected at 8–11 days of age. Degenerate PCR primers were designed based on published ANV polymerase gene sequences and used to analyze historic cases as well as the fresh submissions. Six of the seven fresh submissions, and one historic case, were positive for ANV with nucleotide sequencing confirming these results. These results establish ANV as an infectious pathogen circulating in Australian poultry.

Kylie A. Hewson, Denise O'Rourke, and Amir H. Noormohammadi "Detection of Avian Nephritis Virus in Australian Chicken Flocks," Avian Diseases 54(3), 990-993, (1 September 2010).
Received: 15 January 2010; Accepted: 1 April 2010; Published: 1 September 2010

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