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1 March 2010 Economic Effect of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Outbreaks Among Turkey Producers, 2005–06, Turkey
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This research assessed the direct economic effects of the 2005–06 HPAI outbreaks on contracted turkey producers in Turkey in 2007. The data were obtained from 71 randomly selected, contracted turkey farms (producing 23% of the national turkey meat in Turkey in 2005) from five provinces for four integrated firms, which account for 67% of the national turkey production. Each farm was visited once for an oral interview conducted by the authors in 2007, using a questionnaire survey. The financial data before and after highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 outbreak periods were obtained from available financial records. Changes in production and economics parameters before and after the HPAI H5N1 outbreak periods were compared. In the analyses, the “before the HPAI H5N1 outbreak” period was stated as October 1, 2004, to May 31, 2005, whereas the “after the HPAI H5N1 outbreak” period was stated as the 8-mo between October 1, 2005, and May 31, 2006. The research revealed that changes in the technical parameters (number of hired labor, feed conversion rate, mortality rate, and the length of fattening period) were not found to be statistically significant at P > 0.05. However, there were severe effects of the HPAI H5N1 outbreaks on the economic parameters of the turkey production. The contracted turkey producers lost on average 0.9 cycles (38%) of production, and their management fees were reduced by 9.3% in the 8 mo after the outbreaks. As a result, the production level and enterprise income declined by 36% and 39%, respectively. About 93% of the producers did not do any other supplementary work during the idle production period; 59% of the producers had to use on average 4970TL (US$3200) from their personnel saving during the HPAI H5N1 outbreaks. About 62% of the producers stated that they had been considering expanding their businesses, but suspended the idea because of the outbreak, and 80% of the producers increased the biosecurity measures after the outbreaks. The futures of the contracted turkey producers are fully dependent on those of the integrated firms. Any negative effects on the latter appear to be directly transferred to the former. However, the government neglected contracted producers in the HPAI compensation programs.

Cengiz Yalcin, Cevat Sipahi, Yilmaz Aral, and Yavuz Cevger "Economic Effect of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 Outbreaks Among Turkey Producers, 2005–06, Turkey," Avian Diseases 54(s1), 390-393, (1 March 2010).
Received: 23 March 2009; Accepted: 1 July 2009; Published: 1 March 2010

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