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20 May 2016 The Fimbrial Protein is a Virulence Factor and Potential Vaccine Antigen of Avibacterium paragallinarum
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Abstract

Fimbriae are recognized as virulence factors and potential vaccine antigens of several pathogenic bacteria, but the function of the fimbriae from Avibacterium paragallinarum is not well known. In this study, a gene encoding the fimbrial protein FlfA was identified in A. paragallinarum. Sequencing analysis of the putative promoter region of flfA suggests that flfA expression in A. paragallinarum might be controlled by phase variation. The flfA gene from A. paragallinarum was expressed as a recombinant protein (r-FlfA) in Escherichia coli. Immunization with r-FlfA conferred chickens protection against challenge infection with A. paragallinarum. Virulence assays showed that the flfA-deficient mutants of A. paragallinarum were less virulent than their parental wild-type strains. These results indicated that the fimbrial protein FlfA is a virulence factor and potential vaccine antigen from A. paragallinarum.

© 2016 American Association of Avian Pathologists
C.-C. Liu, S.-C. Ou, D.-H. Tan, M.-K. Hsieh, J.-H. Shien, and P.-C. Chang "The Fimbrial Protein is a Virulence Factor and Potential Vaccine Antigen of Avibacterium paragallinarum," Avian Diseases 60(3), 649-655, (20 May 2016). https://doi.org/10.1637/11410-031316-Reg.1
Received: 16 March 2016; Accepted: 1 May 2016; Published: 20 May 2016
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