Translator Disclaimer
1 August 2004 The Role of Biodiversity in the Functioning of Freshwater and Marine Benthic Ecosystems
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Empirical studies investigating the role of species diversity in sustaining ecosystem processes have focused primarily on terrestrial plant and soil communities. Eighteen representative studies drawn from post-1999 literature specifically examined how changes in biodiversity affect benthic ecosystem processes. Results from these small-scale, low-diversity manipulative studies indicate that the effects of changes in biodiversity (mostly synonymous with local species richness) are highly variable over space and time and frequently depend on specific biological traits or functional roles of individual species. Future studies of freshwater and marine ecosystems will require the development of new experimental designs at larger spatial and temporal scales. Furthermore, to successfully integrate field and laboratory studies, the derivation of realistic models and appropriate experiments will require approaches different from those already used in terrestrial systems.

ALAN P. COVICH, MELANIE C. AUSTEN, FELIX BÄRLOCHER, ERIC CHAUVET, BRADLEY J. CARDINALE, CATHERINE L. BILES, PABLO INCHAUSTI, OLIVIER DANGLES, MARTIN SOLAN, MARK O. GESSNER, BERNHARD STATZNER, and BRIAN MOSS "The Role of Biodiversity in the Functioning of Freshwater and Marine Benthic Ecosystems," BioScience 54(8), 767-775, (1 August 2004). https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0767:TROBIT]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 August 2004
JOURNAL ARTICLE
9 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top