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1 July 2000 Leptin Gene Expression, Circulating Leptin, and Luteinizing Hormone Pulsatility Are Acutely Responsive to Short-Term Fasting in Prepubertal Heifers: Relationships to Circulating Insulin and Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
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Abstract

In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that short-term fasting would reduce leptin gene expression, circulating leptin, and LH pulsatility in prepubertal heifers in association with a decrease in circulating concentrations of insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Twelve prepubertal crossbred heifers (mean ± SD = 315 ± 5 kg body weight) were assigned randomly to one of two treatments in two replicates: 1) control; normal feed consumption (n = 6) and 2) fasted; 48 h of total feed restriction (n = 6). Blood samples were collected at 15-min intervals for 8 h on Days 0 and 2 of the experiment and twice on Day 1. Subcutaneous fat samples were collected before treatment onset (Day −1) and at the end of the intensive blood sampling on Day 2. Acute feed restriction markedly reduced leptin mRNA in adipose tissue (P < 0.01) and circulating concentrations of leptin (P < 0.05), IGF-I (P < 0.01), and insulin (P = 0.05) as compared with controls on Day 2. Moreover, the treatment × day interaction (P < 0.076) and within-day contrasts (expressed as a percentage of Day 0 values) revealed that the mean frequency of LH pulses in the fasted group was lower (P < 0.06) than in controls on Day 2. Neither mean concentrations of growth hormone (GH) nor GH secretory dynamics were affected by acute feed restriction. Fasting-mediated decreases in leptin gene expression and circulating leptin, in association with reductions in secretion of IGF-I, insulin, and LH, provide a basis for investigating leptin as a hormone signaling energy status to the central reproductive axis in cattle.

M. Amstalden, M. R. Garcia, S. W. Williams, R. L. Stanko, S. E. Nizielski, C. D. Morrison, D. H. Keisler, and G. L. Williams "Leptin Gene Expression, Circulating Leptin, and Luteinizing Hormone Pulsatility Are Acutely Responsive to Short-Term Fasting in Prepubertal Heifers: Relationships to Circulating Insulin and Insulin-Like Growth Factor I," Biology of Reproduction 63(1), 127-133, (1 July 2000). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod63.1.127
Received: 9 November 1999; Accepted: 1 February 2000; Published: 1 July 2000
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