Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase has been reported to be activated during oocyte meiotic maturation in a variety of mammalian species. However, the mechanism(s) responsible for MAP kinase activation and the consequence of its premature activation during gonadotropin-induced oocyte meiotic resumption have not been examined. The present experiments were conducted to investigate the possible role of MAP kinase in FSH-induced and spontaneous oocyte meiotic resumption in the mouse. MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK, MEK) inhibitor, PD98059 or U0126, produced a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on both FSH-induced oocyte meiotic resumption and MAP kinase activation in the oocytes. However, the same inhibitor did not block spontaneous meiotic resumption of either denuded or cumulus cell-enclosed mouse oocytes, despite the activity of MAP kinase being totally inhibited. Immunoblotting the oocytes and the cumulus cells with the anti-active MAP kinase antibody showed that MAP kinase activity in the oocytes was detected at 8 h of FSH treatment, prior to germinal vesicle breakdown and increased as maturation progressed in the following culture period. In the cumulus cells, MAP kinase was activated even faster, its activity was detected at 1 h of FSH stimulation and increased gradually until 8 h of FSH treatment, then decreased and diminished after 12 h of FSH action. These data demonstrated that the MEK-MAP kinase pathway is implicated in FSH-induced but not spontaneous oocyte meiotic resumption.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.