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1 August 2001 Dominant Bovine Ovarian Follicular Cysts Express Increased Levels of Messenger RNAs for Luteinizing Hormone Receptor and 3β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Δ45 Isomerase Compared to Normal Dominant Follicles
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Abstract

The objective was to compare ovarian steroids and expression of mRNAs encoding cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage, cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 aromatase, 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase Δ45 isomerase, LH, and FSH receptors and estrogen receptor-β in ovaries of cows with dominant and nondominant ovarian follicular cysts and in normal dominant follicles. Estradiol-17β, progesterone, and androstenedione concentrations were determined in follicular fluid using specific RIAs. Dominant cysts were larger than young cysts or dominant follicles, whereas nondominant cysts were intermediate. Estradiol-17β (ng/ml) and total steroids (ng/follicle) were higher in dominant cysts than in dominant follicles. Expression of LH receptor and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mRNAs was higher in granulosa cells of dominant cysts than in dominant follicles. Nondominant cysts had higher follicular concentrations of progesterone, lower estradiol-17β concentrations, and lower expression of steroidogenic enzyme, gonadotropin receptor, and estrogen receptor-β mRNAs than other groups. In summary, increased expression of LH receptor and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mRNAs in granulosa and increased follicular estradiol-17β concentrations were associated with dominant cysts compared to dominant follicles. Study of cysts at known developmental stages is useful in identifying alterations in follicular steroidogenesis.

Michele D. Calder, Mohan Manikkam, Brent E. Salfen, Robert S. Youngquist, Dennis B. Lubahn, William R. Lamberson, and H. Allen Garverick "Dominant Bovine Ovarian Follicular Cysts Express Increased Levels of Messenger RNAs for Luteinizing Hormone Receptor and 3β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Δ45 Isomerase Compared to Normal Dominant Follicles," Biology of Reproduction 65(2), 471-476, (1 August 2001). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod65.2.471
Received: 15 September 2000; Accepted: 1 March 2001; Published: 1 August 2001
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