Sertoli cells are the epithelial cells responsible for the onset of pubertal development and the maintenance of spermatogenesis in the adult. Transferrin is one of the major secretory products expressed by differentiated Sertoli cells. Investigation of the transcriptional control of transferrin gene expression provides insight regarding the regulation of Sertoli cell differentiation. The optimal activation of the mouse transferrin promoter (mTf) by FSH requires the synergistic actions of the cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) binding to the cAMP response element-like proximal region II (PRII) and the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) binding to the E-box. Proximal region II alone is sufficient for cAMP-mediated activation. The proximity of the PRII and E-box (220 base pairs apart) suggests the possibility of interaction between CREB and bHLH proteins. Such an interaction can be mediated by transcriptional integrators such as CREB-binding protein (CBP) and/or p300 and may stabilize the binding of trans-acting factors to their respective cis-elements. Such an interaction may also provide a mechanism for cell-specific promoter activation. The hypothesis tested in this study was that CBP/p300 is required for the synergistic activation of the transferrin promoter involving PRII and E-box through the formation of a ternary complex. In the Sertoli cells, both CBP and p300 proteins are expressed. The effect of CBP/p300 on transferrin promoter activation and, hence, Sertoli cell function was studied by using antisense oligonucleotides (AS-oligo). In the presence of CBP/p300 AS-oligo, activity of the FSH-induced mTf-chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) was significantly lower as compared to the respective controls. Interestingly, AS-oligo had no effect on cAMP-induced activation of the transferrin promoter reporter construct (mTf-CAT). Mutations in the E-box (EB*) significantly reduced the FSH response. The presence of AS-oligo had no further effect on the FSH-mediated activation of the EB*-mTf-CAT construct but reduced cAMP-mediated activation. Mutations in the CRE-like PRII (PRII*) also significantly reduced the FSH response. Activation of the PRII*-mTf-CAT in response to cAMP was completely abolished. The presence of AS-oligo had no further effect on the FSH- or cAMP-mediated activation of the PRII*-mTf-CAT construct. In Sertoli cells, CBP/p300 was coimmunoprecipitated with CREB and the bHLH protein E47. These observations suggest that CBP/p300 appears to be involved in regulating FSH-mediated activation of the transferrin promoter by linking bHLH and CREB activities.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.