This study investigated whether prolactin (PRL) plays a priming role in the testis during the nonmating season and thereby facilitates gonadal reactivation. Sexually inactive Soay rams under long days were treated as follows: 1) group C (control) received vehicle, 2) group B received bromocriptine to suppress PRL secretion, 3) group B PRL received bromocriptine ovine PRL to reinstate physiological levels of PRL (n = 5/group). Treatments were for 10 wk. The photoperiod was then switched to short days to reactivate the reproductive axis. Testis diameter and sex skin coloration were recorded, and routine blood samples were collected to measure concentrations of FSH, inhibin A, and testosterone (T). At the end of the treatments, blood samples were collected every 10 min for 10 h to monitor LH pulses and the T-response to exogenous LH, and a testis biopsy was collected to assess spermatogenic activity (bromodeoxyuridine [BrDU] method) and expression of PRL receptor (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemistry). There were no significant differences between groups in spermatogenesis (BrDU index) or steroidogenesis (T-response), and no difference in the time taken to achieve full testicular redevelopment under short days. Testis diameter and inhibin A were marginally increased in group B PRL. Overall, this thorough experiment provides minimal support for the priming hypothesis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.