Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) are expressed in the uteri of virtually all species, yet the precise role of these factors in uterine physiology is uncertain. It has been previously demonstrated that disruption of the TIMP-1 gene product in vivo results in altered reproductive cycles and an aberrant uterine phenotype. Because this phenotype may be due to an elevation in uterine matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, the purpose of the following experiments was to identify which uterine MMPs may have their expression altered in response to disruption of the TIMP-1 gene. Mature female TIMP-1 wild-type and null mice were killed during each stage of the estrous cycle, and uterine MMP activity and transcript expression were assessed. Disruption of the TIMP-1 gene product was associated with an increase in total uterine protease activity. Gel zymography further revealed that uterine stromelysin (stromelysin-1, -2, and -3) activity was significantly increased in the TIMP-1 null mice, whereas Northern blot analysis indicated that an up-regulation of stromelysin-1 and -3 mRNA expression may contribute to this increase in activity. It is concluded from this study that TIMP-1 plays a pivotal role in regulating uterine stromelysins both at the level of protease activity and the level of transcript expression.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.