Advances in assisted reproduction techniques such as in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection have made paternity possible for many patients with male infertility. However, at least some sperm or spermatids are required for these techniques to be successful, and patients incapable of producing spermatids cannot be helped. Male mice homozygous for the mutant juvenile spermatogonial depletion (jsd) gene show spermatogonial arrest and an elevated intratesticular testosterone level like many other experimental infertility models such as those with iradiation- or chemotherapy-induced testicular damage. In this category of infertile males, suppression of the testosterone level induces spermatogonial differentiation to the stage of spermatocytes but no further. In the present study with jsd mutant mice, we induced spermatogenesis first to spermatocytes and then to elongated spermatids by suppression of testosterone levels with a GnRH antagonist, Nal-Glu, at a dose of 2500 μg kg−1 day−1 for 4 wk and then withdrawal of Nal-Glu. Spermatids were seen in the cross-sections of seminiferous tubules in all mice treated by administration and subsequent withdrawal of Nal-Glu. Four weeks after withdrawal of Nal-Glu, some of the germ cells differentiated into elongated spermatids. Supplementation with testosterone and Nal-Glu after 4 wk of treatment with Nal-Glu alone also induced spermatogenesis similar to the induction by withdrawal of Nal-Glu. Thus, we ascribe the restoration of the differentiation of spermatocytes to spermatids to reelevation of the testosterone level. Furthermore, we successfully rescued male sterility in jsd mice by subsequent intracytoplasmic sperm injection using the elongated spermatids induced by the programmed hormone therapy.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.