We have investigated the effects of maternal undernutrition during late gestation on maternal and fetal plasma concentrations of leptin and on leptin gene expression in fetal perirenal adipose tissue. Pregnant ewes were randomly assigned at 115 days of gestation (term = 147 ± 3 days [mean ± SEM]) to either a control group (n = 13) or an undernourished group (n = 16) that received ∼50% of the control diet until 144–147 days of gestation. Maternal plasma glucose, but not leptin, concentrations were lower in the undernourished ewes. A significant correlation was found, however, between mean maternal plasma leptin (y) and glucose (x) concentrations (y = 2.9x − 2.4; r = 0.51, P < 0.02) when the control and undernourished groups were combined. Fetal plasma glucose and insulin, but not fetal leptin, concentrations were lower in the undernourished ewes, and no correlation was found between mean fetal leptin concentrations and either mean fetal glucose or insulin concentrations. A positive relationship, however, was found between mean fetal (y) and maternal (x) plasma leptin concentrations (y = 0.18x 0.45; r = 0.66, P < 0.003). No significant difference was found in the relative abundance of leptin mRNA in fetal perirenal fat between the undernourished (0.60 ± 0.09, n = 10) and control (0.70 ± 0.08, n = 10) groups. Fetal plasma concentrations of leptin (y) and leptin mRNA levels (x) in perirenal adipose tissue were significantly correlated (y = 1.5x ± 0.3; r = 0.69, P < 0.05). In summary, the capacity of leptin to act as a signal of moderate maternal undernutrition may be limited before birth in the sheep.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.