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1 October 2002 Mass Isolation of Primordial Germ Cells from Transgenic Rainbow Trout Carrying the Green Fluorescent Protein Gene Driven by the vasa Gene Promoter
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Abstract

Mass isolation of live primordial germ cells (PGCs) was demonstrated for the first time in ectothermal vertebrates. To establish a stem cell-mediated gene transfer system in fish, a stem cell line that retains the ability to develop into gametes is necessary. PGCs are well suited for use as the initial material for such a stem cell line. We established transgenic rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) strains carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene driven by a rainbow trout vasa-like gene (RtVLG) promoter/enhancer. Because GFP expression was specific to the PGCs, PGCs were successfully visualized in all developmental stages examined. Isolated genital ridges containing GFP-labeled PGCs were enzymatically dissociated. To isolate PGCs from the complex pools of dissociated genital ridges, GFP-labeled cells were sorted by flow cytometry. The sorted GFP-positive cells were large and round with a large nucleus, typical characters of PGC morphology. The expression of RtVLG was detected only in the GFP-positive cell population, confirming that these cells were PGCs. This simple and efficient technique to purify a large number of viable PGCs opens the way for establishing a stem cell line, which can differentiate into the germline. The purified PGCs would also be a novel tool for cellular and molecular study of vertebrate germline stem cells.

Yutaka Takeuchi, Goro Yoshizaki, Terumasa Kobayashi, and Toshio Takeuchi "Mass Isolation of Primordial Germ Cells from Transgenic Rainbow Trout Carrying the Green Fluorescent Protein Gene Driven by the vasa Gene Promoter," Biology of Reproduction 67(4), 1087-1092, (1 October 2002). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod67.4.1087
Received: 18 March 2002; Accepted: 1 April 2002; Published: 1 October 2002
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