Ovarian changes determined by daily transrectal ultrasound and its relationship with FSH, LH, estradiol-17β, progesterone, and inhibin were investigated in six goats for three consecutive interovulatory intervals. Estrous cycles were synchronized using two injections of prostaglandin F2α analogue 11 days apart. All follicles 3 mm or greater in diameter and corpora lutea were measured daily. A follicular wave was defined as one or more follicles growing to 5 mm or greater in diameter. The day that the follicles reached 3 mm in diameter was defined as the day of wave emergence, and the first wave after ovulation was defined as wave 1. During the interovulatory interval (mean ± SEM, 21.3 ± 0.4 days; n = 18), follicular waves emerged at 0.3 ± 0.5, 6.5 ± 0.2, and 12.1 ± 0.4 days for wave 1, wave 2, and wave 3, respectively, in goats with three waves of follicular development and at −0.6 ± 0.3, 4.7 ± 0.2, 9.4 ± 0.5, and 13.4 ± 0.5 days for wave 1, wave 2, wave 3, and wave 4, respectively, in goats with four waves of follicular development (Day 0 = the day of ovulation). The mean diameter of the largest follicle of the ovulatory wave was significantly larger than those of the largest follicles of the other waves. Corpora lutea could be identified ultrasonically at Day 3 postovulation and attained 12.1 ± 0.3 mm in diameter on Day 8. Transient increases in plasma concentrations of FSH were detected around the day of follicular wave emergence. The level of FSH was negatively correlated with that of inhibin. These results demonstrated that follicular waves occurred in goats and that the predominant follicular wave pattern was four waves with ovulation from wave 4. These results also suggested that the emergence of follicular waves was closely associated with increased secretion of FSH.
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