We have established an innovative culture system for the efficient differentiation of hematopoietic and endothelial cells from primate embryonic stem (ES) cells without feeder cells, embryoid bodies, or cell-sorting processes. After several days' culture in murine stromal OP9-conditioned medium supplemented with a cytokine cocktail on collagen-coated dishes, ES cells differentiated into a very unique population of cells with a finger-like appearance. These finger-like cells were positive for mesodermal and/or hemangioblastic markers of kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) and T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 1 (TAL1), and produced large amounts of protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, C-positive hematopoietic cells. These hematopoietic cells showed the morphology of immature hematopoietic cells, formed blast cell colonies with high efficiency, and were positive for CD34 antigen, KDR, TAL1, and GATA binding protein 1, suggesting that these blast cells are equivalent to the multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells. Moreover, they produced functional macrophages in murine stromal MS-5-conditioned medium and primitive erythroblasts in the presence of erythropoietin. The finger-like cells, putative mesodermal progenitors and/or hemangioblasts, actively proliferated and repetitively produced hematopoietic cells as long as they were maintained on the original dish. By contrast, the majority of the finger-like cells differentiated into endothelial cells with specific markers and specific functions after transfer to fresh dishes, indicating that conditions established in the original dish supported the proliferation and hematopoietic differentiation of the finger-like cells. Our method provides a highly controllable culture protocol for repetitive production of hematopoietic and endothelial cells from feeder-free monolayer cultivation of primate ES cells.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.