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1 February 2006 Efficient and Repetitive Production of Hematopoietic and Endothelial Cells from Feeder-Free Monolayer Culture System of Primate Embryonic Stem Cells
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We have established an innovative culture system for the efficient differentiation of hematopoietic and endothelial cells from primate embryonic stem (ES) cells without feeder cells, embryoid bodies, or cell-sorting processes. After several days' culture in murine stromal OP9-conditioned medium supplemented with a cytokine cocktail on collagen-coated dishes, ES cells differentiated into a very unique population of cells with a finger-like appearance. These finger-like cells were positive for mesodermal and/or hemangioblastic markers of kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) and T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia 1 (TAL1), and produced large amounts of protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, C-positive hematopoietic cells. These hematopoietic cells showed the morphology of immature hematopoietic cells, formed blast cell colonies with high efficiency, and were positive for CD34 antigen, KDR, TAL1, and GATA binding protein 1, suggesting that these blast cells are equivalent to the multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells. Moreover, they produced functional macrophages in murine stromal MS-5-conditioned medium and primitive erythroblasts in the presence of erythropoietin. The finger-like cells, putative mesodermal progenitors and/or hemangioblasts, actively proliferated and repetitively produced hematopoietic cells as long as they were maintained on the original dish. By contrast, the majority of the finger-like cells differentiated into endothelial cells with specific markers and specific functions after transfer to fresh dishes, indicating that conditions established in the original dish supported the proliferation and hematopoietic differentiation of the finger-like cells. Our method provides a highly controllable culture protocol for repetitive production of hematopoietic and endothelial cells from feeder-free monolayer cultivation of primate ES cells.

Hong Zhang, Kumiko Saeki, Akiko Kimura, Koichi Saeki, Masako Nakahara, Masaru Doshi, Yasushi Kondo, Toru Nakano, and Akira Yuo "Efficient and Repetitive Production of Hematopoietic and Endothelial Cells from Feeder-Free Monolayer Culture System of Primate Embryonic Stem Cells," Biology of Reproduction 74(2), 295-306, (1 February 2006).
Received: 2 May 2005; Accepted: 1 October 2005; Published: 1 February 2006

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