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1 January 2008 Activation of Multiple Signaling Pathways Is Critical for Fibroblast Growth Factor 2- and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Stimulated Ovine Fetoplacental Endothelial Cell Proliferation
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Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are two key regulators of placental angiogenesis. The potent vasodilator nitric oxide (NO) could also act as a key mediator of FGF2- and VEGF-induced angiogenesis. However, the postreceptor signaling pathways governing these FGF2- and VEGF-induced placental angiogenic responses are poorly understood. In this study, we assessed the role of endogenous NO, mitogen-activated protein kinase 3/1 (MAPK3/1), and v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 (AKT1) in FGF2- and VEGF-stimulated proliferation of ovine fetoplacental endothelial (OFPAE) cells. Both FGF2 and VEGF time-dependently stimulated (P < 0.05) NO production and activated AKT1. Both FGF2- and VEGF-stimulated cell proliferation was dose-dependently inhibited (P < 0.05) by NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA; an NO synthase inhibitor), PD98059 (a selective MAPK3/1 kinase 1 and 2 [MAP2K1/2] inhibitor), or LY294002 (a selective phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase [PI3K] inhibitor) but not by phenyl-4,4,5,5 tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide (PTIO, a potent extracellular NO scavenger). At the maximal inhibitory dose without cytotoxicity, PD98059 and LY294002 completely inhibited VEGF-induced cell proliferation but only partially attenuated (P < 0.05) FGF2-induced cell proliferation. PD98059 and LY294002 also inhibited (P < 0.05) FGF2- and VEGF-induced phosphorylation of MAPK3/1 and AKT1, respectively. l-NMMA did not significantly affect FGF2- and VEGF-induced phosphorylation of either MAPK3/1 or AKT1. Thus, in OFPAE cells, both FGF2- and VEGF-stimulated cell proliferation is partly mediated via NO as an intracellular and downstream signal of MAPK3/1 and AKT1 activation. Moreover, activation of both MAP2K1/2/MAPK3/1 and PI3K/AKT1 pathways is critical for FGF2-stimulated cell proliferation, whereas activation of either one pathway is sufficient for mediating the VEGF-induced maximal cell proliferation, indicating that these two kinase pathways differentially mediate the FGF2- and VEGF-stimulated OFPAE cell proliferation.

Jing Zheng, YunXia Wen, Yang Song, Kai Wang, Dong-bao Chen, and Ronald R. Magness "Activation of Multiple Signaling Pathways Is Critical for Fibroblast Growth Factor 2- and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Stimulated Ovine Fetoplacental Endothelial Cell Proliferation," Biology of Reproduction 78(1), 143-150, (1 January 2008). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.107.064477
Received: 22 August 2007; Accepted: 1 September 2007; Published: 1 January 2008
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