The family of mammalian cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISP) have been well characterized in the rat, mouse, and human. Here we report the molecular cloning and expression analysis of CRISP1, CRISP2, and CRISP3 in the boar. A partial sequence published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database was used to derive the full-length sequences for CRISP1 and CRISP2 using rapid amplification of cDNA ends. RT-PCR confirmed the expression of these mRNAs in the boar reproductive tract, and real time RT-PCR showed CRISP1 to be highly expressed throughout the epididymis, with CRISP2 highly expressed in the testis. A search of the porcine genomic sequence in the NCBI database identified a BAC (CH242-199E6) encoding the CRISP1 gene. This BAC is derived from porcine Chromosome 7 and is syntenic with the regions of the mouse, rat, and human genomes encoding the CRISP gene family. This BAC was found to encode a third CRISP protein with a predicted amino acid sequence of high similarity to human CRISP3. Using RT-PCR we show that CRISP3 expression in the boar reproductive tract is confined to the prostate. Recombinant porcine (rp) CRISP2 protein was produced and purified. When incubated with capacitated boar sperm, rpCRISP2 induced an acrosome reaction, consistent with its demonstrated ability to alter the activity of calcium channels.
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