Sirtuins (SIRTs) are class-III NAD-dependent histone deacetylases (HDACs) that regulate various physiological processes. Inactivation of SIRT1 in the mouse leads to male sterility, but the molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenotype have not been determined. Here we show that fetal testis development appears normal in Sirt1−/− mice. In contrast, the first round of spermatogenesis arrests before the completion of meiosis with abundant apoptosis of pachytene spermatocytes, abnormal Leydig and Sertoli cell maturation, and strongly reduced intratesticular testosterone levels. We show that this phenotype is the consequence of diminished hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone expression and strongly reduced luteinizing hormone levels. Rather than having an intrinsic effect on male germ cells per se, our results show that SIRT1 regulates spermatogenesis at postnatal stages by controlling hypothalamus-pituitary gonadotropin (HPG) signaling. In addition to its well studied role in control of metabolism and energy homeostasis, our results thus reveal a novel and critical function of SIRT1 in controlling HPG signaling. This phenotype is more severe than those previously described using mice bred on different genetic backgrounds, and highlights the fact that SIRT1 function is strongly modified by other genetic loci.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.