In mammals, several cell surface molecular markers have been characterized in order to identify the mitotic germ cells. However, little is known in fish about their cell surface antigen. In this study, we identified lymphocyte antigen 75 (Ly75/CD205) as a germ cell-specific cell surface marker by combination expressed sequence tag analysis of purified type A spermatogonia (A-SG) from immature testis, in silico prediction of membrane proteins, and expression studies. The ly75 transcripts were abundant in the testis and gills, and weak signals were detected in the head kidney and brain. In addition, ly75 mRNA was predominantly localized in the primordial germ cells of newly hatched embryos, A-SG in testis, oogonia, and chromatin nucleolus-stage oocytes in the ovary. In contrast, ly75 mRNA was not detected in spermatocytes, spermatids, spermatozoa, vitellogenic oocytes, or gonadal somatic cells from either males or females. The expression profile of Ly75 protein was similar to that of the mRNA. Furthermore, identification of various fish homologs of ly75 confirmed that their amino acid sequences are well conserved. Therefore, Ly75 may be appropriate for use as a versatile cell surface marker for mitotic germ cells in fish.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 83 • No. 4