The balance between androgens and estrogens is very important in the development of the prostate, and even small changes in estrogen levels, including those of estrogen-mimicking chemicals, can lead to serious changes. Bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, is a well-known, ubiquitous, estrogenic chemical. To investigate the effects of fetal exposure to low-dose BPA on the development of the prostate, we examined alterations of the in situ sex steroid hormonal environment in the mouse urogenital sinus (UGS). In the BPA-treated UGS, estradiol (E2) levels and CYP19A1 (cytochrome P450 aromatase) activity were significantly increased compared with those of the untreated and diethylstilbestrol (DES)-treated UGS. The mRNAs of steroidogenic enzymes, Cyp19a1 and Cyp11a1, and the sex-determining gene, Nr5a1, were up-regulated specifically in the BPA-treated group. The up-regulation of mRNAs was observed in the mesenchymal component of the UGS as well as in the cerebellum, heart, kidney, and ovary but not in the testis. The number of aromatase-expressing mesenchymal cells in the BPA-treated UGS was approximately twice that in the untreated and DES-treated UGS. The up-regulation of Esrrg mRNA was observed in organs for which mRNAs of steroidogenic enzymes were also up-regulated. We demonstrate here that fetal exposure to low-dose BPA has the unique action of increasing in situ E2 levels and CYP19A1 (aromatase) activity in the mouse UGS. Our data suggest that BPA might interact with in situ steroidogenesis by altering tissue components, such as the accumulation of aromatase-expressing mesenchymal cells, in particular organs.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 84 • No. 4