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12 January 2011 Induction of Dual-Specificity Phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) by Pulsatile Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Stimulation: Role for Gonadotropin Subunit Expression in Mouse Pituitary LbetaT2 Cells
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Abstract

In pituitary gonadotrophs, GnRH induces expression of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK3/1) dephosphorylating enzyme, dual-specificity phosphatase 1 (DUSP1). Here we examined DUSP1 expression levels following pulsatile GnRH stimulation of the LbetaT2 gonadotroph cells. DUSP1 expression was increased more prominently following high-frequency (every 30 min) GnRH pulse stimulation (7.02- ± 1.47-fold) than low-frequency (every 120 min) GnRH pulses (2.68- ± 0.09-fold). With high-frequency GnRH pulses, DUSP1 expression increased by 2.89- ± 0.32-fold 2 h after GnRH pulse initiation (four 5-min pulses). DUSP1 expression was not induced following lower frequency GnRH pulses, even when the GnRH concentration was increased. Under high-frequency conditions, MAPK3/1 phosphorylation was observed 10 min after the GnRH pulse and decreased to basal levels after 25 min. However, MAPK3/1 dephosphorylation did not occur concurrently with DUSP1 expression. Overexpression of MAP3K1, a kinase upstream of MAPK3/1, increased both the Lhb and the Fshb subunit promoter activities, which could be completely inhibited by cotransfection with DUSP1-expressing vectors. Serum response factor (Srf) promoter activities induced by MAP3K1 were also prevented by DUSP1 overexpression, confirming that MAPK3/1 has an important role in gonadotropin subunit gene expression. Both high- and low-frequency GnRH pulse stimulation failed to increase the Lhb and Fshb subunit gonadotropin gene expression levels upon DUSP1 overexpression. Our study demonstrates that DUSP1 is specifically expressed following high-frequency GnRH pulses and that this effect may participate in the differential regulation of gonadotropin subunit expression in association with MAPK3/1 phosphorylation.

Indri N. Purwana, Haruhiko Kanasaki, Tselmeg Mijiddorj, Aki Oride, and Kohji Miyazaki "Induction of Dual-Specificity Phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) by Pulsatile Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Stimulation: Role for Gonadotropin Subunit Expression in Mouse Pituitary LbetaT2 Cells," Biology of Reproduction 84(5), 996-1004, (12 January 2011). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.110.088526
Received: 10 September 2010; Accepted: 1 January 2011; Published: 12 January 2011
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