Kass, L. B. (L. H. Bailey Hortorium, Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-4301, U.S.A; firstname.lastname@example.org.) Alice Northrop's type specimens for the Bahama flora. Brittonia 57: 88–101. 2005.—In 1902 Alice Northrop published an annotated checklist of the plants that she and her husband John had collected in the Bahamas, in 1890. She included 22 new species descriptions and 7 new species published elsewhere. She stated, “the type specimens are in the herbarium of Columbia University [now at NY],” with duplicate sets at other herbaria. William T. Gillis (1933–1979) found a set of the Northrops' specimens, labeled as Types, at the herbarium of the Field Museum (F) in Chicago. When Gillis compared the F specimens with illustrations in Northrop's publications, he concluded that most of the descriptions and illustrations had been made from these specimens, many of which he annotated as holotypes. Recently, I examined and compared both sets of specimens with Northrop's publications. While many of the F specimens are indeed the ones that were used for the descriptions and illustrations of the new species, the current International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) does not permit the reassigning of type specimen designations. I conclude that Northrop's type specimens currently at NY are the holotypes, isotypes, syntypes, or lectotypes, and that the specimens she distributed are syntypes, isotypes, or isolectotypes.
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Vol. 57 • No. 1